Sunday, May 24, 2020

HDFS Exam 3 Study Guide Essay - 2646 Words

Chapter 15: Parenting in Divorced Families and Remarried Families Chapter Outline DIVORCED PARENTS †¢ Know three reasons men and women want a divorce o Communication problems o Not compatible o Unhappiness The Grief Process †¢ Know the seven bullet points of how Emergy suggests parents manage their own anger o Accepting all their feeling about the divorce, writing about them or talking to friends or a therapist about them o Not responding to partners’ provocations o Maintaining a neutral, business-like approach to solcing problems, speaking only briefly o Deciding to focus on the most important issues and letting unimportant issues go o Being pleasant and emotionally neutral with spouse or partner when in the presence of the†¦show more content†¦o Because they are becoming increasingly independent of the family, kate adolescents seem less affected than younger children. o Boys appear to suffer more difficulties at the time of the divorce, and girls appear to have more prblemsShow MoreRelatedHdfs 145 Syllabus4333 Words   |  18 PagesHDFS 145 - The Individual, Marriage, and the Family Fall Semester, 2012 Instructor: Mrs. Joy Jacobs, CFCS, MAEd (â€Å"Mrs. J.†) E-mail address: jacobsj@msu.edu Please always use â€Å"HDFS 145 on the subject line when you e-mail. Office hours: Mrs. J. will be in the classroom one half hour before and will stay after class until all students are gone, or you may make an appointment with her. Go to this website: https://ntweb11.ais.msu.edu/aas/ Because of advising responsibilities, she is not available forRead MoreFamily Interaction Processes: Study Guide784 Words   |  4 PagesHDFS 2300: Family Interaction Processes Study Guide Exam II Communication and Conflict (Lecture; A S Ch. 9; Day Ch. 10; Tannen Book; The Break-Up clips) †¢ Define communication - why is it important to focus upon the shared meanings aspect of the communication process? †¢ Know bolded terms from A S Ch. 9 †¢ What are three assumptions describing family communication? †¢ Define messages, digital messages (content level), analogic messages (relationship level), metamessages, framing, congruentRead MoreHDFS 145 Final Study Guide3433 Words   |  14 Pagesï » ¿HDFS 145 Final Exam Study Guide EXAM 1 Family Types Single-parent and step-families Usually headed by mothers 85% Divorced/likely she has never been married Two-provider families (patriarchy – father runs) Traditional family Married couple, (father/mother and children) Family of procreation Father works, mother stays at home Married/Cohabitation couples who both work Over 50% of mothers with children under one year work at least part-time US Census definition of marriage Two or more

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

`` I Too, Sing America And Countee Cullen s Incident

Have you ever wondered what it is like to be looked at like you are inferior to others? Like you are less intelligent and less trustworthy? All because of the fact that the color of your skin is different than what is believed to be â€Å"normal?† During the 1920s and 1930s, this was a very common occurrence, whereas now it is an extremely rare happening. African Americans missed out on numerous opportunities because whites felt as if they should not have them. Because this was such a common event during the Jazz Age, it was often written about in literature pieces. Langston Hughes’ poem â€Å"I, Too, Sing America† and Countee Cullen’s â€Å"Incident† display these limitations put on a specific race (African Americans), and show how the country has†¦show more content†¦Langston Hughes’ â€Å"I, Too, Sing America† was published in 1945. This poem envisions a day in which both races will be equivalent and able to eat together at the same table. The poem starts off with Hughes saying â€Å"I, Too, sing America† (Hughes, 1945, line #). Langston s use of the word â€Å"too† shows that he wishes to be included in the population that is called â€Å"America.† In addition, he used the verb sing. This may date back to the African American tradition of tribal songs. Furthermore, slaves would often sing songs of liberation while working on plantations. In using the word â€Å"sing,† he is informing the people of America that he is included in this group and is doing so in his own culturally rich way. In addition he is further stating that he, too, has a voice and can make a prominent contribution to the country, whether or not they believe he can. The second stanza begins by saying â€Å"I am the darker brother† (Hughes, 1945, line #). This is referring to his skin color and the fact that he is African American, and even though his skin color is different, he is still a â€Å"bro ther,† or an American citizen and should not be treated differently for that. The rest of the stanza says â€Å"They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong† (Hughes, 1945, line #). Because he was sent to a different room to eat when companyShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Depression And Its Effects On American Society1331 Words   |  6 Pagesyou think positive about the so called negative aspects of life then you will be happy, and happiness leads to success. Being black in America today is not nearly as difficult as it was in the past. Although in present times there are many different forms of prejudices, but it is not as public as it used to be. Throughout history, black people were brought to America as slaves only to help build the country, the white people had no intention of African men and women becoming a vital part to the countryRead MoreEssay on Langston Hughess I, Too and Countee Cullens Incident1074 Words   |  5 PagesThe poems, â€Å"I, Too† by Langston Hughes and â€Å"Incident† by Countee Cullen employ visual imagery, tone, literary devices such as hyperboles, symbolism, and foreshadowing in different ways to illustrate the public life interaction between two different races, and the private life of an African American’s internal struggle of not being able to fight against the prejudice towards them. Both poets share racism as their piece of life, and although dealing with racism is the central tens ion engaged in theRead MoreRacial Discrimination And The Harlem Renaissance2310 Words   |  10 Pagesthe opposite of love, which is hate. The poetry I chose that dealt with how African Americans not only survive with racism but learned how to defeat it. During the 1920’s and 1930’s African Americans began to face a reality that they were not first class citizens in America. This led to the the creation of the Harlem Renaissance movement that strove to promote African American in the Fine Arts. The African American poets Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, and Claude Mckay were all part of the HarlemRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words   |  102 Pagessuccess! In the first half of the poem, I said that our school had the finest teachers there ever were. And in the latter half, I said our class was the greatest class ever graduated. Naturally, everybody applauded loudly. In 1916, the Clark family moved to Cleveland and lived in a basement apartment. Housing for blacks was almost nonexistent, and rents were high because of the migration of Southern blacks to Northern industrial cities during World War I. White European immigrants also lived in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Kush, Meroe, and Nubia Free Essays

Archeologists have confirmed the inhabitation of the Nile above Aswan in the Paleolithic period that lasted more that 60,000 years of the Sudanese history. By the 8th millennium BC, during the Neolithic era, people had settled in the brick houses and their economic life was characterized by fishing, hunting along river Nile, cattle herding and grain gathering. The skeletal remains give an evidence of blending between the Mediterranean people and the Negroid during the Neolithic period that has existed until today. We will write a custom essay sample on Kush, Meroe, and Nubia or any similar topic only for you Order Now The northern Sudan oldest history evidence originates from the Egyptian sources that described the land upstream starting from the first cataract as wretched or Cush. For 2000 year and more in the time of old Kingdom, the economic, political and social life of the central Nile region was influenced by the Egyptians, even as the political power of the Egyptian waned in the Cushite, the Egyptians still had a substantial influence in the Cushite way of life. For many centuries, the Egyptian caravan exchanged grain for ivory, carnelian, hide and incense with Cushite. Slaves and gold were highly valued by the Egyptian traders. The Egyptian penetrated the Cush in the Middle kingdom after construction of fort at Sammah to guard the gold flow from Wawat mines. Asian nomads that were referred to as Hyksos invaded Egypt destroying many links to the Cush in around 1720 BC. During the reign of Pharaoh Ahmose 1, Egypt revived its political power during the New Kingdom around 1110BC and took the Cush as one of its provinces; however there were Egyptian tributary districts as far as blue and white Nile and red sea. After gaining full control over the Cush, the Cush adapted every way of life and temples became their center of worship up to the 6th century after the coming of Christianity.   By the 11th century, the new kingdom had collapsed, got divided and Cush emerged again as an independent kingdom that was governed from Napata. The Cush Kingdom conquered and ruled Egypt between 750 and 740 BC after which Egypt was re-united. Confrontation between the Assyrians and the Egyptians in 688-663BC resulted to Cush Pharaoh retaliating returning to dynasty in Napata where he originally ruled from prior to the unification of Egypt. In 590 BC, the Cush court was compelled to move to Meroe, a safer place than Napata due to the Egypt attack as it tried to regain its control over Cush again. Meroe developed for several centuries independent of Egypt and extended its dynasty to the present day Khartoum from the third cataract located at Sawba. The pharaoh traditions still persisted in Meroe, a well managed irrigation system sustained the huge growing population at Meroe. By the 1st century BC, there was development of the Meroitic script that was similar to the indigenous Egyptian script. The succession system at Meroe was not necessarily hereditary and crown was passed from brother to sister or to brother and selection of the queen was very crucial to smooth succession. The Cush fell after it was invade by the predatory Blemmyes who were nomads but Meroe continued to be with contact with the Indians and Arabs. By the 2nd century, the Nobatae occupied the North of Cush at West Bank, this was subsidized by the Romans as a buffer between the Blemmyes and then the Axum in the 5th century, now the current Ethiopia that capture and demolished the city of Meroe ad there from Meroe kingdom ceased. In the 6th century, three states that were descendants of Meroe Kingdom emerged; these were Nobatia, Muqurra and Alwa. These kingdoms used Greek titles to rule the Meroetic population in imitation of the Byzantine Court. Missionaries started to preach in Nobatia in 540 AD and the Nubian kings were converted to Monophysite Christianity that was being practiced in Egypt, many bishops and religious leaders were consecrated in Egypt. The Mediterranean civilization was rekindled by the coming of Christianity. The use of Greek in liturgy led to development of the Nubian language that combined both the Coptic and old meroitic scripts. The Nubian kingdoms survived many centuries but with the arrival of Arabs in 640 and subsequent conquering of Egypt posed a threat to these Christian kingdoms. Historians believe that the Muqurra and Nobatia kingdoms were forced to merge by the Arabs to form the Dunqula kingdom around 700 this resulted to isolation of the Nubian church since Egypt became dominated by the Muslims. The introduction and spread of Islam after Muhammad’s death lead to division between the south and north Sudan society. Islam encouraged economic growth, political stability and education development to its followers. Islam was spread to the east and north by the Arab armies who also attacked the Nubian territory in 642 and 652 thereby demolishing its cathedral. Though with continued arabization of the Nile valley, there were tension between the Arabs and Nubian territory and the resulted to a peace treaty which encouraged trade between the two opposite sides and other regions. This lead to emergence of two Arab speaking groups, the Juhayna and the Jaali. These groups aided in bringing down the Nubian territory. The Nubian territories remained independent up to the 13th century when they were overruled by the Muslims due expansion of Islam   to the continuous intermarriages between them and Arabs which resulted to the dark age of Christianity as slavery intensified. This forced the Nubian communities to seek Arab protectors for fear of their security. The Islam was not part of the old Nubian territory until15th to 16th century REFERENCE Kush, Meroe and Nubia, retrieved on 13th, October, 2007, available at www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Sudan.html How to cite Kush, Meroe, and Nubia, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Chattel Slavery as a Institution free essay sample

I am driven to research this topic because it means something to us as a people, something that is worth knowing, and something that is worth remembering. It will bring the bond with our ancestral ties stronger than ever before. Knowledge is power and knowing our past will make us linked to one another. This is a step to unity to us in the Caribbean. There are arguments against this view and blatant disregard for the obvious changes in the world have been made. There are some with the beliefs of White supremacy but all this adds in the mix of different beliefs in the Caribbean.Never before in history have an entire society and race of people have been affected in such a large scale. Nonetheless, one can give thanks to our European forefathers, if those events did not occur, the Caribbean could not be the community as we knew it today. Chattel slavery not only brought commerce to its geographically unique location but it also resulted in a rich and colorful world, complete with its own mix of cultures, music, art and belief systems. Chapter 1: Origin of Chattel Slavery in the Caribbean The term chattel is defined as an article of tangible, personal property.One an therefore see the underlying effect of the choice of words in comparison to how the Europeans viewed the black race. They viewed the African race as a sub-species, annalistic and inhumane. This was because of their color and their religion and way of life. One must remember the Europeans believed that their religion was the only one and true way so that means their way of life was viewed as pagan. Eric Williams however stated that Slavery was not born of racism: rather, racism was the consequence Of slavery.Unfreeze labor in the New World was brown, white, black and yellow; Catholic, Protestant ND Pagan (7) It is his opinion that racism was not a beneficial factor in the creation of the institution of Slavery but in my further studies, race did in fact play an important role in the enslavement of the African people. Also, one can see from Williams deduction that religion also played a role, it was categorized according to what race you were. The labor force however comprised of the Micronesian inhabitants of the Caribbean, White indentured servants from Europe and Africans.White indentured servants were whites who worked in the Caribbean. There is a notable difference in heir title in that, they were called servants instead of slaves. Again, white supremacy reigned in the society at that time. There was an economic need for cheap labor, hence Africans were in high abundance and it was quite cheap to acquire them and ship them across through the Atlantic to the New World. They were also a form of human capital, being property; a value was put over their head. The money which procured a white mans services for ten years could buy a Negro for life.The economic superiority of free hired labor over slave is obvious even to the slave owner. Slave labor is given reluctantly, t is unskillful, and it lacks versatility. Not so much that the Europeans were the only ones playing apart in enslaving the Africans, but it was also African sons and brothers who helped to facilitate this. There were the men who were paid to acquire the required persons for shipment. They were known as middlemen, so one can see, whereas one African might think he was one of his own, they came to enslave and doom their own.In return for capturing the Africans, the Europeans provided those sub-par weapons and tools, not worth the total price but to the foolish middlemen, they were of the best quality. In essence, Greed was a major player in this. Eric Williams stated in his work that Here, then is the origin of Negro slavery. The reason was economic, not racial; It has to do not with the color of the laborer, but the cheapness of labor. As compared with Indian and white labor, Negro slavery was eminently superior. (19) From his perspective, an economic one, his deductions has all the truth attached to it.Negro slavery is indeed superior to all other races of slavery but from another view, the Europeans did have pre- existing prejudice towards the Negroes people, their hate and prejudice awards them was just amplified when encountered the Negroes. This view have even been backed by Hilary Buckles and Verne Shepherd when they stated This was a unique form of domination in which one group was defined and used another group as property; in which people were targeted for slavery because of their race; they were described as sub-human, and they were bonded to each other for life. Chattel slavery brought economic power to the Caribbean and the lives of the Negroes people has been scarred ever since the advent of African Slavery. Chattel slavery brought much more than a few million people, a whole new ace to our shores. Hilary Buckles and Verne Shepherd expressed the enslaved people survived and they protected their humanity and identity; and over time they redefined themselves as a new, vibrant cultural force. (137) Chapter Two : Culture, Art, Music Religion The voyage across the Atlantic Ocean was a perilous one.Tribes from all over West Africa such as the Manned and the Mandating congregated and stacked like sardines in one deck. They were separated from the rest of civilization and their family. Often, they could not speak to one another, whether it is by difference in language or values. Never the less, the African people adapted and they banded together, took on cultural customs and traditions that strengthened their ethnic identity. They developed attitudes and practices that shaped the Caribbean civilization as we know it today. The main idea to understand is that they were scattered.No one African was acquainted with another upon arrival, meaning they were of different tribes, different backgrounds, cultural beliefs and language. They may have had knowledge of these people before but for the first time in their life, this is where they got to be acquainted with each other. There, they shared views, beliefs, customs and their languages. For some, it was the first time they had encountered the Europeans. Rather, Some had previous knowledge Of the Europeans through trade, migration and war. As a result of this, some may have had knowledge of Christianity and European languages even before arrival in the Caribbean.This cultural reshaping that Africans and Europeans experienced is called creationism. Thus, those combined with the culture of Africans and Europeans, born into the Caribbean became known as Creoles. They procured rites and rituals that exist even to this day. Simple events hat we know of today are because of the forerunners, our ancestors. They observed and preserved the rites and rituals that were a part of life in Africa. The coming together of these African and Post-African ideas came together to create an Afro-Caribbean community as we know it today.Rituals such as lighting up the grave, an event that we are fond of at the end of October were part of African culture. It was a part of paying respects to our ancestor and warding our own selves from harmful spirits. Similar to this are funeral procedural. The Africans believed that death was just the start of a journey o pass over from toil to reward and in their case at the time, a life of slavery to an eternity of freedom. Buckles and Shepherd stated in their book that the power of ancestors was central to African-Caribbean culture. To know ancestors was to know ones cultural identity. (140) They procured dances and music as rituals that again pay respects to their ancestors and celebration of them. It was an intense ritual in which it was said the person was possessed in order to feel the waves and moves of the dance. This was their way of attributing their ancestors, to demonstrate that in the Caribbean Africans had their own recognized ancestral culture that was still important to them. Events on holidays and labor free days were a time of friendship and kinship. It was a time of sharing with their enslaved brothers in times of despair.They often danced on evenings (which became a part of the African-Caribbean culture). They even formed festivals where they danced and celebrated, one notable festival is the Crop-Over festival in Barbados, one that is still happening even today. They had even more established festivals and rituals where they danced such as the Combat festival, John Canoe once and the Kumara dance. There are even more dances each that are identifiable to each different colony in the Caribbean. They incorporated their religion from Africa in the West Indies.They brought their spirit based religions such as obey or voodoo and meal. It was the belief of the people that it was possible for the living to use ancestral spirits to determine the future and to shape the nature of social events. The meal and obey religion was a high prolific aspect in the community. It was used for removing curses, cures for illnesses, bless children and curious insights. Incorporation with European beliefs and African gave birth to what we know as the Baptist Faith today. This aspect of religion is still up today and continues to make its mark on the community. Its not going aunt. Here time soon, even now; most grand-parents and parents believe and attend Baptist churches across the nations of the Caribbean. Notably however, West Indian Cricket became an important aspect in their communities. Cricket was invented by the English and thus it founds it way into the Caribbean during a period of war between Britain and France. The Africans observed it and began to practice it. Cricket quickly became incorporated in their communities as entertainment away from the hard days of field work. In conclusion of this chapter, the Africans brought a host of their art, religions, beliefs and cultures.They mixed and nurtured the combination of cultures that clashed in the Caribbean. They formed it to be their own and formed a new way of life. The cultural rites and rituals that exist today, that pay respect to their Ancestors while carving a path to the future, the dances that provided entertainment that procured kiwi unships and friendship among the communities and the wider area the colonies, the art and music that is unique to the Caribbean, the only place in the world, forms a cultural boom that wavelengths across the Caribbean and make what makes the Caribbean our home.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

The Roman Legion 24Ad Essay Research Paper free essay sample

The Roman Legion, 24Ad Essay, Research Paper The Roman Legion 14 AD-235 AD The Roman Republic was established in 509 B.C. and lasted until 27 B.C. when the Roman Empire replaced it. During the Roman Republic the Roman ground forces was deliberately composed of landholders. The Roman doctrine behind this strategic manoeuvre revolved around the belief that landholders would support their belongings and state more scrupulously than those who had no vested involvement. The policy of utilizing landholders in the ground forces continued until Rome began to spread out its boundary lines. Soldiers were deployed overseas to protect the lands that had fallen to Roman conquering every bit good as to occupy new lands. As a consequence of its expansionist policies Rome needed more soldiers that it could supply by utilizing landholders. Further justification for a alteration in policy was that Romans sent oversees were non needfully as vigilant in respect to protecting land in their ownership since that land was far from where they were stationed. We will write a custom essay sample on The Roman Legion 24Ad Essay Research Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This made the usage of landholders no more good than that of non-landowners. The land proprietor demand was accordingly dropped in 107 B.C. Rome began to use alternate schemes in staffing their great ground forcess. When Rome conquered a state they made the conquered peoples citizens of Rome and as such the people of the states could volunteer and function in the ground forces. Since land ownership was no longer a requirement, the lower categories were allowed to come in the ground forces besides and these voluntaries developed into a loyal, professional ground forces. The ground forces grew in Numberss until about 20 B.C. when it was approximately 300,000 strong. The size of the ground forces remained at about the same Numberss until the autumn of the imperium. The Roman ground forces was divided into elements called hosts. A host consisted of from 4,000 to 6,000 work forces harmonizing to different clip periods. During the Roman Empire the emperor appointed a general to command each host. The general, in bend, was allowed six commissioned officers as Plutos. These Plutos were known as tribunes. Somewhere ver 60 non-commissioned officers called centurions, the equivalent of the sergeant in the contemporary U.S. military, served under the tribunes. The centurions were effectual leaders of the ground forces. Each centurion was in charge of about 100 work forces in a subdivision called a century. When traveling into conflict the host would organize into 120 work forces groups called a maniple. The host conflict formation would be three rows of maniples. In the forepart row the maniples would go forth a infinite equivalent to another maniple between each maniple. The forepart row would run into the enemy force and throw their lances so attack with blades. This would let the 2nd row to bear down into the empty infinite left between the assailing front row maniples and give support with a 2nd moving ridge after initial contact by the forepart row. The 3rd row would so come in the battle and with thrusting lances secure the conflict. These tactics along with the well-trained professional soldiers made the Roman army one of the greatest combat forces in history. If efficiency can be gauged by the acquisition of land, the efficiency of the Roman Empire would worsen slightly between the first and 3rd centuries A.D. During this period there were 25 Roman emperors. Although the Roman Empire was at its tallness of power and prosperity between A.D. 96 and 180 during the reign of Antonines, the Empire expanded its territory really small after the deat H of Augustus in A.D. 14. The period get downing with the reign of Augustus in 27 B.C. and widening 200 old ages into Rome s hereafter became known as the Pax Romana ( The Roman Peace ) . This was a period of great stableness for the Roman Empire. Warfare did go on but it was slightly less intense and frequent. In this regard it would be more appropriate to measure the efficiency of the Roman hosts as one of stabilisation non of decline. During the peace, nevertheless, some major engagements did occur. On Augustus decease Tiberius, who was non merely Augustus stepson but besides his son-in-law, became the emperor of Rome ( Asimov 196 ) . His way to the throne leaves many inquiries which are certain to entertain historiographers good into the hereafter but he would sagely follow the footfalls of Augustus in non occupying Britain, judging that the Empire was already excessively extended ( Goldsmith PG ) . Tiberius was succeeded by Caligula and so by Claudius. Caligula would content himself with idle menaces against Britain but take no existent action ( Goldsmith PG ) . Emperor Claudius would, nevertheless, invade Britain in A.D. 43 and Trajan conquered Dacia in A.D. 106 ( Connor PG ) . Even in the ill-famed British invasion the strength of warfare which erupted was nil to fit that of the Empire s earlier history ( Connor PG ) . Some say that Britain welcomed the invasion with unfastened weaponries recognizing the possi ble benefit of Roman regulation ( Connor PG ) . The Roman foreparts were expeditiously manned but all-in-all the likeliness of a legionary engaging in serious warfare decreased during the clip period of the Roman Peace. Get downing with the reign of Marcus Aurelius in A.D. 161 the stableness of the Roman Peace would get down to worsen. Emperor Marcus Aurelous was threatened by encroachers from Germany in the North and the Parthians from the E. Aurelius would be succeeded to the throne by his boy, Commodus. With the decease of Commodus in 192 the Roman Empire would see serious break. During a 50 twelvemonth period, crossing between 235 to 284 A.D. , 60 different emperors would do their manner to the throne prehending power by force. This would be the terminal of the Roman Peace and the terminal of Roman stableness. Decisions The history of the Roman Empire contains periods of much convulsion interspersed with periods of great stableness. While it was true that Augustus himself preferred peaceable methods to warlike methods, his reign had seen much bloodshed ( Grant 160 ) . Consequently, the Roman imperium saw much enlargement and patterned advances during his the reign of Augustus. The Eastern Frontier was pushed frontward, Galatia was formed, Numidia was annexed and Roman troops reached the Elbe River and these were merely a little parts of the triumph of Augustus and of Rome ( Grant 160 ) . During the reign of Augustus the opportunities of a host non meeting serious warfare was little. In contrast, the period get downing in A.D. 14 was a period of great stableness and comparatively small serious warfare. The period get downing with the reign of Marcus Aurelius in A.D. 161 would one time once more go a period of turbulency for the Roman Empire. One emperor after another would contend his manner to the t hrone and the armed forces would be shaken from the changeless alteration in power and policy. Although there was still small external warfare of any significance, there were menaces by ground forcess occupying the Empire. The Roman Empire was get downing a slow spiral of diminution, a diminution which would stop with its death over 200 old ages subsequently in 476 A.D.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Corroboratively vs. Collaboratively

Corroboratively vs. Collaboratively Corroboratively vs. Collaboratively Corroboratively vs. Collaboratively By Maeve Maddox A reader has brought my attention to an odd use of the word corroboratively in a job description for a communications specialist position: Work corroboratively as a member of an integrated contractor team Like the reader, I believe that the recruiter was reaching for the adverb collaboratively, which is the word used to describe the action of working with others in a cooperative manner. In my search for additional examples of this misuse, I did not find many, but corroboratively, often spelled â€Å"corrobatively,† does appear in other job descriptions published by recruiters, including several from the UK and one from Australia: You will work corroboratively with the Directors and other Managers Work corrobatively [sic] to support recovery process A marketing site provided another: I think probably this has [a lot] to do with the niche and how much [revenue] is in it for them, and is used corrobatively [sic]. The verb corroborate means â€Å"to strengthen or confirm.† It cropped up frequently in the old Perry Mason television series: Can you corroborate his alibi? If it please the Court, we have corroborating evidence. The adverb form corroboratively is rarely used, although I did find it in two or three difficult-to-follow interpretations of the Book of Revelation in which the prophecies are seen as an indictment of the petroleum industry: all prophecy is corrobatively [sic] linked into the energy business I’m not certain, but I think this example may have something to do with the idea that the Bible provides supporting evidence for the writer’s views. So far the rogue use of corroboratively in the sense of cooperatively or collaboratively is rare, but errors travel quickly in cyberspace. Beware. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:85 Synonyms for â€Å"Help†The Four Sounds of the Spelling OUPreposition Review #1: Chance of vs. Chance for

Thursday, February 20, 2020

My opinion Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 2

My opinion - Essay Example The article explains how the workforce demographic in US has changed into a diversified classes or origins over a period of time and how it demands the effective management for the benefit of organizations. Drawing support from the results of various studies carried out in the past, the authors could clearly cite the advantages an organization can have from managing its workforce of diverse culture. The way of managing its available resources is what makes an organization’s fate. Hence, in the case of diverse workforce, the important thing is how an organization adapts to the situation enabling its human resources to contribute most efficiently to the organizational development. The article explains various managerial areas such as cost, resource acquisition, marketing, innovation, problem solving or decision making and flexibility, where the efficient management can bring competitive advantages. In short, the authors have shown justice to their proposed objective of making a linkage between the most talked managing diverse culture and organizational competitiveness. And the article provides its readers an understanding of how attracting and retaining people of diverse culture or background and managing them in the efficient manner can bring organization competitive advantages in terms of cost structure, innovation and